In the house that combines modern work environment, there are under the same roof Estonian Open Air Museum’s Rural Architecture Centre, Estonian Woodhouse Association and Cluster, Tehasemaja OÜ. There is an outside study pavillion with open air space created especially for trainings and seminars. Showroom-exposition ground is open for all museum visitors and partners, local people and foreign visitors.
The Centre’s architectural concept is Nordic COMPACT, an award winning project that won the title of “Pre-Fab House of the Year” in among more than 100 presented projects. Nordic COMPACT was created in cooperation with Nordic Houses OÜ and Trilog Studio architects.
“THE SAMPLE BUILDING IS AN ARCHITECTURAL WHOLE THAT EMBODIES MODERN TECHNOLOGIES AND MATERIALS AND FOLLOWS PRINCIPLES OF ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE CONSTRUCTION.”
SA Eesti Vabaõhumuuseum`s (Estonian Open Air Museum) ex-long term board member Merike Lang has said that bringing a modern prefab house to the museum is a first step towards a new conceptual direction to exhibit 21st century. ”A sample building is an architectural whole that embodies modern technologies and materials and follows the principles of environmentally sustainable building. Why not exhibit the architecture of the beginning of 21st century now and not wait 50-100 years. Also activities of the Competence Centre, that is located in the modern building, are closely connected with museum´s own activity goals,” said Lang. „It is also remarkable that the new museal building comes to the collection of the museum as a present from Puiduklubi MTÜ. It is an act of the year for Estonian culture,” added Lang gladly.
Competence Centre as a modern museal, complements the museum´s considerable collection of rural architecture, is located on ticket-free ground right next to visitor parking lot. In addition to counseling and training it is also possible to visit the timber sector exhibit area/showroom that has been co-funded by Estonian Woodhouse Association and European Regional Development Fund via Enterprise Estonia measure “Project competition of support services of enterprises export growth”.
Lauri Kivil, Managing Director of Estonian Woodhouse Association says that Estonia has been the biggest exporter of timber houses since 2010, while 90% of the sector´s production goes out to foreign markets. It is important to value the sector and introduce it to the wider audience also in our homeland. This is the goal that the Competence Centre, created to the grounds of Estonian Open Air Museum, is going to fulfill.” Estonian Woodhouse Association celebrates its 20th Anniversary in 2019 and involves about 60 members.
Estonian Ministry of Culture has acknowledged the founding of Timber Construction Competence Centre with an award of Kultuurisõber 2018 (Culture Friend 2018).
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Technical information of the competence center
The architectural solution of the wooden construction competence center is the concept of standard houses “Nordic Compact”, which is well suited for creating both a modern living and working environment.
The Nordic COMPACT residential concept can be modeled, escalated and adapted. The residential complex consists of a spacious main module in different sizes (for example, XS, S, M, L, XL). Additional modules can be connected to the main house in different variations or installed separately (eg sauna house).
Nordic COMPACT has become a home or summer house for approximately 100 families both in Estonia and abroad.
Three different types of construction have been used as the main construction of the museum complex:
cross plywood CLT;
cross plywood MHM.
Tehasemaja main building
The main house was delivered to the site as wooden frame elements for the slab foundation.
Main house wall construction:
External wall (outside entry): →
- Vertical boarding – full board 21x140mm UTS, pine wood
- Horizontal raft 28×70 + vertical raft 21x45mm
- Windbreaker SIGA Majvest – upper edge taped SIGA Wigluv
- Windbreak plasterboard 9.5mm
- Frame 45x195mm + wool 200mm + wool sock
- Vapor barrier SIGA Majrex – upper edge taped Siga Sicrall
- Additional frame 45x45mm + wool 50mm
- Roofing + plywood Wild Tile wall panel
Construction thickness 3450mm U = 0.24 W / (m2K)
Tehasemaja meeting room
The meeting room to the left of the lobby is finished in the factory from the concrete foundation to the interior and exterior finish, the walls and roof are made of CLT cross-laminated wood and have been transported and installed as a module in the current location.
Meeting room (additional module) wall construction:
- CLT cross plywood 5 ply 100mm
- Vapor barrier SIGA Majrex
- ISOVER wool 120mm
- Tuuket barrier fabric SIGA Majvest
- Laths 25mm
- Wooden boards
Construction thickness 2508 mm U = 0.18 W / (m2K)
Outdoor study pavillion
Pavilion and terrace mounted on hot-dip galvanized screw piles.
The walls of the pavilion are made of MHM cross-laminated wood, the roof and floor are made of wooden frame elements and pre-cut materials.
Wall construction from outside: →
- Wooden boards UYVK 21mm
- Ventilation groove 28mm
- Ventilation groove 28mm
- STEICOprotect L 140mm + Frame?
- Pro clima DA vapor and air barrier membrane
- Cross ply nail wood MHM 160mm
Construction thickness 377.45mm
The roof of the pavilion has an inclination of 18 ° and is covered with Monier concrete Tegal stones, into which are integrated solar panels that can be installed on roofs with an inclination of 17 degrees.
The pavilion terrace is accoya wood.
Wood-aluminum doors and windows open inwards. There is also a special folding-door separating the pavilion shelter and sauna, which can be fully opened and the space enlarged if necessary.
About the interior finish
Interior architect Ivi-Els Schneider
As much natural materials and light tones as possible have been used in the interior. The interior doors of Haapsalu Door Factory are made of wood. The inner walls are covered with Wild Tile birch plywood (2500 x 600 x 9). Slabs with beveled edges are attached to the wall with lining clamps, the edge flush with the edge. Vineerimaailm.ee. Ceiling and wall panels do not require a finished base wall, they are attached directly to the solid wood frame using cladding board clamps or clamp guns. Wildtile.ee
First floor cabinet and entire second floor floors – PVC tile material, LOOM series. aufloor.ee
Ceramic terracotta patterns on the floors of the ground floor showroom, corridors, kitchen and other rooms. Pksalong.ee
The solid wood staircase is produced by Aru Grupp AS
Kitchen furniture – Quick and folding without tools, screws and fittings with Threespine® klik technology tnc.ee
Furniture linoleum has been used in the design of the kitchen furniture.
The work surface of the kitchen and the wall behind it – made of Caesarhansa quartz, which is the most durable material – is both heat and dirt resistant. Caesarstone.ee
The Franke ceramic sink is heat and impact resistant and does not allow substances to be absorbed. The new Franke faucet has an additional function – boiling water is obtained directly from the faucet, so there is no need for a separate kettle. franke.ee
The dark furniture in the kitchen of the main house has dark thin drawers that are convenient to maintain and tidy. Hahle.ee
Kitchen worktop luminaire – LED light strip with diffuser at the bottom of the cabinet. Mooblifurnituur.ee
Kitchen corner counter wall – a wall with unique decorative panels glued with precious wood veneer from Groveneer.
Ceramic tiles from the Interno Tiladimaja on the floor and walls of the toilets in the building. Interno.ee
Sinks – SPLIT series. The manufacturer offers wall-mounted illuminated wall mirrors. eumar.ee
Hanging toilet bowls – Villeroy & Boch. gustavsberg.com
Sadolin wall and ceiling paints for walls and ceilings, Sadolin wood stain and varnish for wooden surfaces.
E-Lux home appliances. elux.ee
The entrance gallery of the main house – ACO Vario foot wiper grilles – help to keep the interior clean. aco.ee
Shelf of the corridor on the 1st floor of the main building – Woodfash.ee
Conference table – Baltic Veneer veneer, manufacturer Standard
Outdoor study pavillion interior finish
Pavilion window blinds by the company Avaeksperdid. avaeksperdid.ee
The sauna has a metal modular chimney Schiedel ICS 50-130mm (Monier) and a heater.
Formica composite panels (cabinet doors) and Pfleiderer Primeboard (cabinet frame), which were used to make kitchen cabinets. – Plaat Detail OÜ
Sockets and switches are from Schneider, RENOVA series. esvika.ee
Brushed steel sink and faucet. franke.ee
Sauna lobby pendant lights. Glamox.com
Sauna house toilet – hanging Gustavsberg toilet bowl. gustavsberg.com
The sauna sink of the sauna house is one of the smallest in Eumar’s product range. An illuminated wall mirror on the wall with a sink from the same manufacturer. eumardesign.com
Ceramic tiles from the Interno Tile House on the floor and walls of the toilet. Interno.ee
The glaze tiles in the shower room are terracotta-colored, longer-lasting tiles.
The steam room and part of the dressing area are finished with Thermory light natural aspen wood. The wood in the steam room was finished with a special wood preservative. thermory.com
AXOR shower systems Front industrial design (AXOR Showers shower system: AXOR Front Showerpipe 240 2jet). Axor-design.com, hansgrohe.ee
ACO shower gutter. aco.ee
4ROOM pendant light. 4room.ee
There is water floor heating on both the first and second floors of the main building. On the first floor, the heating circuits were installed inside the concrete floor, but on the second floor, the underfloor heating base plate Tycroc UHP (Tycroc OÜ) was used. This base plate is designed to simplify and speed up the installation of both water and electric underfloor heating, allowing it to be cast freely. Thanks to its small weight per square meter, the solution adds special added value to wooden structures / wooden buildings. All heating collectors and pipes are Uponor’s product.
The heating source is the Alpha innotec LWD V-Line 92 outdoor air-to-water heat pump, which is so quiet that your neighbor may not believe that you have installed a new heating system. The indoor module is integrated with the LWD V-Line HSV 300 L domestic water heater and storage tank.
The pump with high-quality components is easy to operate and thanks to its modern design, the LWD V-Line saves the environment and does not burden the atmosphere.
The heating source of the sauna complex is electric floor heating. As the building is away from the main building and the premises are used accidentally, the connection of this building to the heating system of the main building turned out to be irrational. The period of use of the building from the outside is kept in the premises +12 degrees and during use it is raised to + 21-23 degrees.
ETSNord – vent pipes
The main building has floor-based forced supply-exhaust ventilation systems. The ground floor is served by the Blauair BL02 ventilation unit with rotor heat exchanger from Blauberg Ventilatoren. Smartvent Group OÜ
The second floor is served by the ventilation unit Airobot S2 with countercurrent plate heat exchanger from the manufacturer Airobot OÜ.
The heat recovery efficiency of both ventilation units is over 80%. The intelligent motor control of the devices ensures a high-quality indoor climate. The energy saving mode automatically switches the devices to the minimum speed when no one is in the room and when a sudden rise in humidity or CO 2 is detected, the devices automatically switch to a higher speed.
The sauna complex has room-based exhaust / supply ventilation Vento Expert DUO. The shower room is served by an exhaust fan with a humidity sensor.
Domestic water piping, underfloor heating system – Uponor Eesti OÜ
Strong directional lighting was needed for the pictures in the demonstration hall, so there are directional light sources in the surface box luminaires there.
Examples of building structures in the middle of the room are illuminated by ceiling-mounted plafonds.
Office lighting is hung on the ceiling of cabinets and meeting rooms. glamox.ee
An innovative CoeLux luminaire is recessed into the ceiling of the building’s wind tunnel, which replaces the skylight with its lighting properties. Topledshop.ee
This house has a very large share of smart light control (from Incenta). In presence mode, part of the lighting works with presence sensors and the luminaires are controlled in groups.
Plugs – ABB main house
Cables – Prysmian Group Baltics AS
Digital keys and controllable doors have been created. The key function can be performed by a bank card, chip or code. When opened with a digital key, the alarm is automatically switched off. When leaving the building, one click puts everything in “home-away” mode: energy saving is activated, arming is activated, etc.
Digitally controlled inertia heating is used. Man only sets the temperature that suits him. Ventilation is extremely energy efficient and demand-driven – sensors measure room humidity and CO2 levels. The ventilation unit provides fresh air even in the room that needs the most ventilation, rather than calculating the average demand of the entire building.
Safety is ensured by monitoring of circuit breakers. Control modules have been added to the heating unit, refrigerator and other circuit breakers in the electrical panel, the signal of which informs the owner of the smart home in the event of a fault. In the event of a fire alarm, the ventilation unit, all kitchen equipment and the electric sauna are switched off in the panel. It is worth looking at a smart electrical panel with a glass door from the Estonian company Agatark. agatark .ee
The main building is equipped with Solen balcony balconies with integrated solar panels (Innore OÜ). It is a balcony railing that meets all requirements, with the addition of glass-glass solar panels with a total area of 9.1 m². The length of the balcony railing is 7.2 meters and a total of 1.4 kW of solar panels have been installed there. As the balcony borders face south, the productivity is very good and the estimated annual electricity productivity is 1000 kWh, which provides considerable financial savings per year. Buying this amount of electricity from the electricity grid would cost about 130 €. The maximum daily productivity is 5 kWh.
The inverter, which converts the direct voltage from the solar panels into AC and mains AC, is located inside the building. All parameters of the solar power plant can be conveniently monitored on the web or in a smartphone application. solen.ee
Solarstone OÜ – the roof of the outbuilding
Monier integrated solar panels with a stone roof can be installed on a roof with a minimum slope of 17 degrees.
Landscape architect Maarja Gustavson
At the outdoor spaces, an attempt has been made to decipher the 21st century Estonian garden and garden culture and to pass on modern lifestyles, trends and preferences to the visitor in a stylized way. The design is inspired by the aesthetics of the home garden, but it is designed to function as a public showroom. The design of the outdoor areas is clearly based on the architectural language of the house. The choice of materials and form of the buildings has also dictated the design of the garden.
Ceramic diameter patio tiles offer an alternative trend to traditional wooden terraces. vivarec.ee
Recessed luminaires BEGA 77005K3 Ground luminaires. hedengren.ee
BEGA 84220K3 bollard lights in front of the house, BEGA 84210K3 bollard lights behind the house. hedengren.ee
Waterproof downlights recessed in the ground emit soft, symmetrical beams of light on the façade. The luminaires are covered with anti-glare screens – so it is also convenient to walk close by. The walkways are gently and delicately illuminated by bollard lights. hedengren.ee
TEHASEMAJA consortium companies